Nibelungenstr. 87 D-23562, Lübeck, Germany

Dear Colleagues

The Junior EAFPS committee is proud to announce that the collaborative EAFPS study: ‘An overview of Rhinoplasty practices: European Academy of Facial Plastic Surgery, collaborative cross-sectional study has been published in Facial Plastic Surgery journal.

Thanks to all who have contributed to this successful collaborative publication where data on over 40,000 rhinoplasties were collected. Please see below the abstract of the paper. To access the full text of the paper, please visit:


This collaborative European Academy of Plastic Surgery (EAFPS) study aimed to provide an overview of rhinoplasty practices, informing clinician and patient decision making.


Study design: Multicentre cross-sectional study, reported as per STROBE guidelines.

Participants: All EAFPS members were contacted via email, inviting them to participate. Members expressing an interest to participate were asked to anonymously complete a questionnaire, related to rhinoplasties that they performed as first/supervising surgeon over period 1st January 2019 to 1st January 2022. A descriptive analysis was performed.


One hundred and fifteen surgeons submitted data on 41,259 rhinoplasties from 33 countries. 80% of rhinoplasties were primary, and 20% were secondary. Thirty five percent of primary rhinoplasties were closed and 65% were open. Thirty one percent of primary rhinoplasties were for cosmetic indications, 11% functional and 58% were for both. Of the 8147 secondary rhinoplasties, 44% were closed and 56% were open. Thirty percent were for cosmetic indications, 11% functional and 59% for both cosmetic and functional. Ninety-one percent of rhinoplasties were performed by ENT surgeons, 3% by Plastic surgeons, 5% by Maxillo-facial surgeons, and 1% were dual (Maxillofacial and ENT) trained. 1730 primary rhinoplasties underwent revision surgery (5%) and 102 secondary rhinoplasties underwent revision surgery (1%). The most commonly reported indications for revision surgery were dorsal asymmetry, nasal blockage and dissatisfaction with nasal tip. Three percent of rhinoplasties underwent pre-operative psychological assessment.


To the authors knowledge this the largest published rhinoplasty dataset. This study provides an overview of rhinoplasty practices that can be used for benchmarking and to guide clinician and patient decision making. Psychological assessment pre-rhinoplasty appears insufficient with higher levels recommended to minimise unsuccessful outcomes. This study showcases the power of collaborative research and may serve as a catalyst for future collaborative facial plastic surgery research.

Yours Faithfully
Mr Rishi Mandavia
Chair EAFPS Juniors

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